IMPORTANT FACTS ABOUT THE BANANA
* Banana is an herbaceous plant of the genus Musa.
* The fruit is an important staple food throughout the world and is commercially grown in more than 100 countries.
* Banana production is divided into two main categories: banana, sweet fruit that is eaten raw, and plantain, which is used for cooking and processing.
* More than 10 million hectares are cultivated worldwide with total production of 115 million tons.
* The largest producer of bananas is India, followed by Brazil and China.
* Although banana is grown in a large variety of climates, optimal climatic conditions for banana cultivation are temperatures averaging 27°C with 60% humidity and winds not stronger than 4 m/ sec.
* Banana thrives in fertile, well-drained soils with high water holding capacity.
* The optimal pH is between 5 and 7. Because banana is sensitive to salinity, the EC should not exceed 1.0 ds/ m.
* Banana has a shallow root system no deeper than 80 cm, with 60% of the effective root zone in the top 30 cm.
Banana is a heavy consumer of fertilizer, especially potassium and nitrogen. Constant and balanced nutrition results in optimal plant growth and yield and prevents nutrient loss due to leaching. In this way, growers benefit economically and prevent the pollution of underground water, which is harmful to the environment.
Fertilizer application via the irrigation system is considered the most effective method of fertilization. A good irrigation system facilitates accurate fertilizer application – precise timing and quantities – without additional manual labor costs. The system can also be used in rainy periods. This technique, known as technical irrigation, allows growers to time them fertilizer application according to precipitation and to avoid nutrient loss due to leaching.
Due to its large leaf area and vigorous growth, the banana is a heavy consumer of water. Water deficits badly affect crop growth and yields:
1. During the early vegetative period, an adequate water supply is essential in determining the potential for growth and fruiting.
2. During the vegetative and flowering period, water deficits limit leaf growth, which in turn influences the number of flowers and fruits produced.
3. During yield formation, water deficits can cause late flowering, which affects fruit size and quality. A reduced leaf area influences the rate of fruit filling and small fruit are older than they appear at harvest time.
The banana is grown in a wide range of climatic conditions with varying precipitation and evapotranspiration rates. In some areas, rainfall fulfills all the crop requirements, while in others irrigation is needed. However, even areas with high annual rainfall require irrigation when these rains are not well- distributed. Because more and more growers are realizing that water deficit results in decreased yield, they are installing irrigation systems to ensure a constant supply of water and fertilizers.
To calculate the water quantity needed for irrigation, the following data is required: the relevant crop factor, local precipitation rates and evaporation rates.
Depending on climatic conditions and crop variety, the banana plant consumes 1,200–2,500 mm/ year. Irrigation quantities and intervals depend on local climate, soil type and the type of irrigation system in use. During hot- dry periods, daily irrigation may be required to maintain soil moisture in the upper soil layer. If daily irrigation requirements are extremely high, it is recommended to divide irrigation to two applications.
It is recommended to irrigate organic plantations with low angle sprinklers or micro sprinklers because they are ideal for the incorporation of organic fertilizers such as compost and animal manure, and they ensure minimal wetting of foliage, thus reducing the risk of fungal diseases.
Because growers face varying conditions and challenges, NaanDanJain offers a wide range of irrigation and fertigation solutions. Our experienced team will help you find the ultimate irrigation solution to fit all your needs.
This commonly used method of irrigation is highly cost effective.
It is based on wide spacing and high water energy to overcome obstacles caused by foliage.
Low-volume impact sprinkler with low trajectory
Low-volume impact sprinkler with low trajectory angle
MAGIC DRIVE LA
Non-Impact 1/2” low volume sprinkler; Two available models 9° & 14°
Silicone with magnets ensure constant rotation speed and prevents wear and tear
Super 10 LA
Low angle, low volumen, ball-driven sprinkler ½ male
Mamkad 16 LA
Low volume, plastic ball-driven sprinkler1/2” male
Reliability in operation, no wear & tear
Micro sprinklers are essential for certain tree spacing and plot design such as double row plantations. Micro sprinklers are also highly recommended for organic plantations. NaanDanJain micro sprinklers also provide the advantage of insect-proof swivels and high clogging resistance.
Flow-regulated micro sprinkler, Uniform irrigation in all topographic conditions
Long-range micro sprinkler & Large droplets
The CLEAN LAND concept – with Micro Sprinklers
“Clean Land” is a cultivation concept that provides the grower with a solution for irrigation, fertigation and climate control, maintaining savings in manpower and effective work in the field. The growing area is able to maintain itself without physical obstacles on the ground, without driplines, dividers or any other obstacle because all of these are hung from above. The micro-sprinklers provide full irrigation uniformity, with perfect accuracy and efficiency.
• Faster establishment of the plants after planting
• Faster and stronger vegetative growth
• Earlier flowering
• Strong and vital banana plants
• Climate control and an increase in humidity
• Optimal fertigation
• Decrease in leaching
• Less damage to equipment
• Less maintenance required
For the first stage of the plantation (0–7 months), the Inverted AquaMaster 2005 is hung directly above the plants at a height of 0.5 m. In this way, the wetting area is focused on the relevant active root zone of the banana plants while the rest of the surface remains dry. After 7 months, the Inverted AquaMaster 2005 is easily raised so it is positioned between the young trees at a height of 1.2 m. This allows for a much larger wetting area so that the whole of the relevant root zone is irrigated and the combined full effect of the “Clean Land” method is in motion. The inverted sprinklers create the climatic conditions preferred by the banana plant. They can lower temperatures when hot, raise the humidity when dry, and even protect the crop from frost damage in extreme cold.
One of the great advantages of the Inverted AquaMaster 2005 is that it keeps the surface of the plantation clear of obstacles and any components of the irrigation system on the plantation floor. For this reason, it’s been given the name “Clean Land”.
NaanDanJain offers a broad range of innovative dripline solutions; the result of intense R&D conducted by our engineers and agronomists. Drip irrigation is highly recommended in water shortage conditions.
AmnonDrip PC & PC AS
Innovative, pressure-compensating dripline with special anti-siphon and non-drainage models, based on the Cascade labyrinth.
Heavy duty, pressure-compensating dripline for maximum accuracy in variable topography and long laterals.
Heavy duty clog-resistant, cost-effective dripline.
Pressure-compensating (PC) and anti-siphon (PC AS), thin to medium-walled dripline for maximum irrigation uniformity (EU–95%) at minimum cost.
The world is a competitive place. Today, you cannot allow yourself to produce less than the maximum from the resources at your disposal. This is where precision agriculture comes in. In order to be efficient, you need to be accurate and precise. When it comes to banana, all aspects of water management are very dynamic and need to be well maintained. It is crucial to be able to monitor and control changes in water content in the soil and all other related parameters, such as RH and wind speed and direction. All of these might influence the water demands of your banana plantation. Not surprisingly, we at NaanDanJain offer the perfect solution:
“Jain Logic” – our own state-of-the-art irrigation decision support system. Jain Logic is comprised of several components:
• Field monitoring (soil moisture, weather, irrigation status, etc.)
• Flexible and scalable cloud services (DAQ 2.0, multiple data sources etc.)
• Front-end software (powerful and user-friendly)
• Analytics (soil moisture infiltration, disease models, reports, alerts, GDD and ET)
• NEW: cost-effective tool – Root Sense: High accuracy, low maintenance system, based on several wireless water potential sensors. the software analyses the data and gives actionable insights and recommendations.
NaanDanJain also provides satellite imagery, drone imagery and data that monitors fields and crops throughout the season. This provides invaluable support for the farmer and provides additional tools to maximize efficiency and management.
NaanDanJain is committed to finding the ideal solution for your banana plantation, tailored to your local climatic conditions, soil and water properties, and budget. Contact our office or your local dealer for further information.